Hello and welcome to the first lesson! My assumption is that you know some Vietnamese words and would like to build up your Vietnamese structure the good and healthy way. If you’re completely new, head over to my vocabulary recommendation and pick up some words first before we start.
With this site, I’m offering comprehensive and grammatically correct Vietnamese. There is English, and then there is bad English to learn from – teenager’s texting, for example: bad grammar, spelling errors, etc. Vietnamese is easier to learn than you think, if you learn it the right way first. After you know the proper structure, you surely can use Vietnamese however you like 🙂
(1) The basic sentence structure is: subject + verb + object
For the verb, we don’t conjugate anything – no past/present/future tense, no gender (male/female), no singular/plural form.
(2) To make a sentence negative, add không (no) after the subject, before the verb:
subject + không + verb + object
|Con chó||đuổi||con mèo|
|The dog||chases||the cat|
|Con chó||không||đuổi||con mèo|
|The dog||doesn’t||chase||the cat|
(3) Adjectives are used without the verb – to be – : subject + adjective
Negative sentences with adjectives are the same as with verb:
subject + không + adjective
|Điện thoại||tiện lợi|
|Điện báo||không||tiện lợi|
About the photo above: Vietnam is the largest rice exporter in the world (or second largest, depending on how well Thailand is exporting their rice :). Rice plays an important role in the economy and in culture. The routine of sowing rice, caring, and harvesting rice is deeply rooted into the Vietnamese calendar over hundreds, if not thousands of years. The Vietnamese use the lunar calendar instead of the Western solar calendar because the lunar calendar tells them when to start or harvest a rice crop. The Lunar New Year, for example, precipitates the beginning of that year’s new crop. On a random, unrelated note, I want you to know this
If you need to look up the words, Vdict.com is a great free online dictionary!