6 – Who? Whom? Whose? – …ai?

Standard

Also see #27 “Anybody, somebody, nobody… ai

There are 2 ways to ask Who is/are…?

Question:

subject + là + ai?

ai + là + subject?

Answer:

subject + là + object

ai + là + object

Cô ấy ai? Cô ấy họa sĩ
She is who? She is (a) painter
Ai em gái bạn? Trang em gái tôi
Who is your younger sister? Trang is my younger sister

You can also use ai to ask Who does something?:

Question: Ai + verb + object?

or Có + ai + verb + object + không?

Answer: (Có) Subject (+ verb + object — optional)

Có ai biết tiếng Việt không? Có tôi anh Hà biết tiếng Việt
Who knows Vietnamese  ? (there is) I there is anh Hà (who) knows Vietnamese
Ai đây? Nhà Rockefeller
Who lives here? The Rockefeller family

Ai can also be used as Whom?Question: Subject + verb + ai?Short answer:  that person — Long answer: subject + verb + that person

Bạn quen ai? Adele
You know/are friends with whom?
Chị hỏi ai? Tôi hỏi Hải
You ask (for) whom? I ask (for) Hải

Use … của ai? to ask Whose?Question: subject + là + của ai? Answer: subject + là + của + owner

Con mèo của ai? Con mèo của Herminone
The cat is whose? The cat is Hermione’s
Cái áo của ai? Cái áo của Harry
The shirt is whose? The shirt is Harry’s

5 responses »

  1. Pingback: Basic Lesson Directory | seahorseviet

  2. Pingback: 27 – Anybody, somebody, nobody… ai | seahorseviet

  3. Pingback: 27 – Anybody, nobody… ai | seahorseviet

  4. basically it’s
    noun + là + noun
    person + là + person

    I’ll fix it later
    the subject / object formula is confusing…
    you should look at the examples to clarify

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